Opnet Based Performance Analysis and Comparison Among Different Physical Network Topologies
Physical network topology is the configuration of computers, cables and other peripherals as a geometrical shape. There are many types of topologies each of them has many advantages and disadvantages. For high performance Local Area Networks (LANs), the builder of a network should select the best physical network topology. This paper analyzes three basic network topologies including bus, star and ring for different number of connected nodes (various network topology size) using OPNET simulator. Four scenarios are configured for each topology with number of connected nodes equal to 5, 10, 15 and 20 for senario1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively. In this analysis, four parameters investigated in Delay (Sec.) for the complete network, Load (Bits/Sec.), Traffic Received (Bits/Sec.) and the number of Collision for single node (server). Performance comparison is made in each topology separately based on various network size and another comparison is also made between these topologies for the same number of connected devices. The comparison results indicate that performance decreased when the network size increased and also show that bus topology is more effected than two other topologies.
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