Promoting Outdoor Spaces Design features to Increase User Satisfaction in Residential Area. Duhok City as case Study
The rapid development of the residential area in Duhok City and the new trend of housing policy towards high density and multifamily housing complexes affect the urban social life of the residents. The urban public open and green spaces in housing complexes create places for residents to come together and to strengthen their social networks. This research aims to investigate the outdoor space design approach in the new developed housing project (Avro city) as an example for high density multifamily housing complex due to its outdoor space design characteristics to identifying design features and elements that promote the quality of urban life and increase the user satisfaction in residential area. The researcher used qualitative data collection methodology using case study approach. The data collection method based on three sources namely the analytical study of the outdoor space design features from the available maps and site visiting, the on-Site observations of the residents, how they use the outdoor space, and the questionnaire survey results with the residents to measure their satisfaction about the outdoor space living environment. The findings of the research indicate that the design quality of the physical features such as landscape design, artificial water, landscape furniture, a proper pedestrian and greenery encourage people to use the outdoor space for social activities. Finally, the research provides guidelines for housing developers, urban designers and related governmental institutions to incorporate effective outdoor space design quality for successful urban living environment.
2. Outdoor Spaces should contain functionally defined areas for all age levels and can be modified for use by specific groups or the community.
3. Outdoor Spaces should be easy to access connecting the various space activities and pedestrian oriented with comfortable side walk
4. The landscape furniture and green area should be considered such as comfortable sitting places, trees, water fountain…. etc.
5. Outdoor Spaces should be designed in consideration of the environmental, socio cultural as well as identity of the place.
7. Carmona, M., Tiesdell, S., Heath,T., and Oct., (2010), “public places Urban spaces : The
8. dimensions of urban design”, Architectural press, UK.
9. Francis M (1987) Urban Open Space, Advanced in Environment, Behavior and Design (Vol. I). Environmental Design Research Association, New York and London
10. Friedmann, J., (2010), Place and Place-Making in Cities : A Global Perspective”, Planning
11. Theory & Practice
12. Gehl, 1987 Life between Buildings, The Danish Architectural Press, Copenhagen
13. Kellert, S. R. 2005, Building for life : Designing and understanding the Human- nature connection, Island press.
14. Lynch, K. (1981), A theory of good city form, MIT Press, Cambridge.
15. Marcus, C. C., (2003), Shared Outdoor Space and Community Life, placesjournal.org
16. Montgomery, J., (1998), “Making a city : Urbanity, Vitality and Urban Design”, Journal of Urban Design
17. Project for Public Spaces (2015), from Project for Public Spaces, http : //www.pps.org
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
AJNU is committed to protecting the privacy of the users of this journal website. The names, personal particulars and e-mail addresses entered in this website will be used only for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available to third parties without the user's permission or due process. Users consent to receive communication from the AJNU for the stated purposes of the journal. Queries with regard to privacy may be directed to firstname.lastname@example.org.