Freezing–Thawing Behavior of Lime Treated Fine–grained Soil
This research study was carried out to investigate the impact of freeze-thaw cycles on the mechanical and the mineralogical properties of lime treated fine-grained soil. The unconfined compressive strength, wave velocity, volume change, water content, pH and electrical conductivity values were determined during freeze-thaw cycles. Furthermore, Mercury porosimetry and X-ray diffraction tests were carry out to determine changes at microscopic level. The soil used in this study was taken at a site near Jossigny region in eastern part of Paris–France. The soil samples were treated with optimum lime percent 3% depending on the pH method, then cured for 28 days at 20 °C. The soil samples were subjected to 12 cycles of freeze-thaw following ASTM procedure. The result referred that, natural soil exhibit no strength resistance against freeze-thaw cycles and failed during the first hours of freeze-thaw cycles. Analyses indicated that freeze-thaw cycles reduce the unconfined compressive strength of all the tested samples. Moreover, water content during the applied cycles increases and induces significant volume changes. During freeze-thaw cycles, the cracks propagation which caused by the formation of ice lenses in the pores of lime treated soil samples were consider to have significant. The changes in the micro-structural and mineralogical properties reduce the durability of the lime treated soil samples when subjected to freeze-thaw cycles.
2. Kamei, T., Ahmed, A., Shibi, T., 2012. Effect of freeze–thaw cycles on durability and
3. strength of very soft clay soil stabilized with recycled bassanite. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 82, 124–129.
4. Bell, F.G., 1996. Lime stabilization of clay minerals and soils. Eng. Geol. 42, 223–237.
5. Bin-Shafique, S., Rahman, K., Azfar, I., 2011. The Effect of Freezing–Thawing Cycles on Performance of Fly Ash Stabilized Expansive Soil Subbases. Geo-Frontiers (ASCE). pp. 697–706.
6. Jafari, M., Esna-ashari, M., 2012. Effect of waste tire cord reinforcement on unconfined compressive strength of lime stabilized clayey soil under freeze–thaw condition. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 82, 21–29.
7. Wang, D.Y., Ma, W., Niu, Y.H., Chang, X.X., Wen, Z., 2007. Effects of cyclic freezing and thawing on mechanical properties of Qinghai–Tibet clay. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 48 (1), 34–43.
8. Aldaood, A., Bouasker, M., Al-Mukhtar, M., 2016. Effect of water during freeze–thaw cycles on the performance and durability of lime-treated gypseous soil. Cold Reg. Sci. Technol. 123, 155–163.
9. Al-Kiki, I., Al-Attalla, M., Al-Zubaydi, A., 2011. Long term strength and durability of clayey soil stabilized with lime. Eng. Technol. J. 29 (4).
10. Ingles, O.G., Metcalf, J.B., 1973. Soil Stabilization Principles and Practice. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
11. Al-Mukhtar,M., Khattab, S., Alcover, J.F., 2012. Microstructure and geotechnical properties of lime-treated expansive clayey soil. Eng. Geol. 139–140, 17–27.
12. Dempsey, B.J., Thompson, M.R., 1972. Vacuum saturation method for predicting freeze– thaw durability of stabilized materials. Highway Research Record 442. Highway Research Board, Washington, D.C., pp. 44–57.
13. Shihata, S.A., Baghdadi, Z.A., 2001. Simplified method to assess freeze–thaw durability of soil cement. J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 13 (4), 243–247.
14. Eades, J., Grim, R., 1966. A quick test to determine lime requirements for lime stabilization. Transp. Res. Board 139, 61–72.
15. McIntire, P., 1991. Nondestructive testing handbook, Vol. 7: Ultrasonic testing American Society for Nondestructive Testing, Columbus.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License [CC BY-NC-ND 4.0] that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
AJNU is committed to protecting the privacy of the users of this journal website. The names, personal particulars and e-mail addresses entered in this website will be used only for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available to third parties without the user's permission or due process. Users consent to receive communication from the AJNU for the stated purposes of the journal. Queries with regard to privacy may be directed to email@example.com.