Policies for redevelopment (is it the required planning solution for the reality of urban environments)

  • Maha J. Al-Malaeka Department of spatial planning, University of Dohuk, Kurdistan region of Iraq

Abstract

The Iraqi city in general and the city of Baghdad, with its deteriorating urban reality, pose a planning and design challenge for urban planners and architects alike. An overview of the urban reality of the city today gives a clear picture of the urban and environmental degradation of the urban environment in Baghdad. The temporary and hasty solutions that have been implemented previously, in addition to the planning, design and development slowness that the city has suffered and still suffers, requires serious and comprehensive solutions to change the urban and urban reality of the city by following bold and comprehensive redevelopment policies. This paper attempts to present it through a review of the local and international experiences. Urban rehabilitation and rehabilitation of the urban environment of Baghdad, after years of neglect and war.

References

1. الزعبي د. يحيى, العساسفة, سلامة طايع, جبور, سعد الله, (2007)" حالة التجديدالحضريكأسلوبلمعالجةمشاكلمراكزالمدن، مدينة الكرك القديمة في الأردن, بحث منشور في مجلةجامعةدمشقللعلومالهندسية-المجلدالثالثوالعشرون-العددالثاني.
2. نصير, د. عاطف, (2004) "السياسات الإسكانيةبين الواقع وتطلعات المستقبل",بحث مقدم الى مؤتمر"الاسكان واقع وطموح" ,جامعة العلوم التطبيقية الأهلية عمان –الأردن.
3. نوري, علي حسن, (2005)" المنظور المستقبلي لمدينة بغداد 2030" 2005تقرير مقدم لامانة بغداد.
4. Altshuler, Alan, and David Luberoff. )2003(. Megaprojects. Washington : Brookings
Institution.
5. Bruijne, Dick, DoreenvanHoogstraten, WillemKwekkeboom, and AnneLuijten, )2002(. Amesterdam, Southeast, Bussum, Netherlands : Thoth Publishers.
6. Cleaveland, Frederic N. )1967(. Congress and urban problems. Washington : Brookings Institution.
7. Fellman, Gordon. )1973(. The deceived majority. New Brunswick, NJ : Transaction.
8. Fainstein, Norman, Fainstein Susan S. )2009( ,“The Changing Character of Urban Redevelopment since 1945” Connecticut College, Harvard University.
9. Fainstein, Susan S & Norman, I. Fainstein. )1982(, Restoration & Struggle : Urban Policy and Social foces”9-20. Beverly Hills,CA : Sage
10. Gelfand, Mark I. )1975(. A nation of cities. New York : Oxford University Press. .
11. Harloe, Michael. )1995(. The people's home : Social rented housing in Europe and America. Oxford : Blackwell.
12. Heinz, Werner, ed. )1993(, Public private Partnership–Stuttgart : W. Kohlhammer.
13. Jacobs, Jane,)1961/1993(,”The Death and Life of Great American Cities”,New York : Modern Library
14. Judd, Dennis, and Michel Perkinson,eds. )1990(, Leadership and Urban Regeneration. Newbury Park,CA : Sage.
15. Khateeb & Alami, )2008) “Baghdad Comprehensive City Development Plan” : Baseline Phase I Report : August.
16. Plunz, Richard. (1990),A History of Housing in New York City. New York : Columbia University Press.
17. Schwarrtz. Alex F. (2006), Housing Policy in the United States. New York : Routledge.
18. Sassen, Saskia,(2001). ”The Global City”, 2nded. , NJ : Princeton University Press.
19. Wilson, James Q. , ed. (1966). Urban renewal. Cambridge : MIT Press.
20. Http : //www. Wikipedia. Megaprojects, retrieved (11/5/2011).
21. http : //www. businessballs. com/swotanalysisfreetemplate. htm, (20/6/2011).
22. https : //upload. wikimedia. org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Berlin_-Potsdamer_Platz_-_2016. jpg
23. https : //www. berlin. de/en/attractions-and-sights/3560662-3104052-potsdamer-platz. en. html
الهوامش
1. Eminent Domain. حق الاستملاك : ضوابط قانونية تجيز للدولة وضع اليد قسريا على منطقة معينة واخلاؤها وفق شروط معينة لاغراض التطوير. http : //www. Eminent domain
Published
2019-03-31
How to Cite
AL-MALAEKA, Maha J.. Policies for redevelopment (is it the required planning solution for the reality of urban environments). Academic Journal of Nawroz University, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 1, p. 396-408, mar. 2019. ISSN 2520-789X. Available at: <http://journals.nawroz.edu.krd/index.php/ajnu/article/view/331>. Date accessed: 25 apr. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v8n1a331.
Section
Articles