Finding Alternative Methods for Controlling the Power Shortage in Kurdistan through Improving Buildings’ Energy Performance
Keywords:Energy consumption, Energy efficient buildings, Shape compactness, Building orientation, Building thermal insulation
The power shortage is one of the major problems in developing countries. Kurdistan Region of Iraq suffers from this issue, like other developing countries. Especially, after the economy crises that has started in 2014. However, all its efforts for tackling this challenge has been in providing more energy supply stations and more fuel provision. Few studies have been found in the region that seek the relation between the quality of buildings and energy consumption. It is questioned if the building sector in Kurdistan is well managed and environmentally sufficient to consume minimum amount of energy since it is the largest energy consuming sector. This research will seek an alternative to decrease the energy demand in buildings instead of expanding the energy sector. This could be achieved by evaluating the quality of building sector environmentally and improving it. Providing guidelines for building’s thermal regulations, passive building design and increasing the energy efficiency of buildings by renewal means could be alternative strategies for lowering the energy consumption. Theoretical and numerical research approach have been taken in to account for finding the answer through a case study and comparative analysis. A variation of 21-29% of power consumption can be observed between buildings that have not considered energy efficiency criteria in their design and those who reflected them more in the design.
2. Baker, N., & Steemers, K. (2000), Energy and Environment in Architecture. London : E&FN Spon.
3. Brown, G., & Dekay, M. (2001), Sun, Wind & Light: Architectural Design Strategies (2nd Edition ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons.
4. Ekici, B., & Aksoy, U. (2011), prediction of building energy needs in early stage of design. Expert Systems with Applications, 38:5352–8.
5. General Directorate of Duhok Electrcitity. (2016), Ronahi. Duhok: General Directorate of Duhok Electrcitity.
6. Givoni, B. (1998), Climate consideration in Building and Urban Environment. Canada: John Wiley & Sons.
7. Heisler, G. M. (1986), Effects of individual trees on the solar radiation climate of small buildings, 9 (1986) 337-359 : Urban Ecology.
8. Jankovic, L. (2012), Designing Zero Carbon Building Using Dynramic Simulation Methods, New York: Routledge.
9. Kadir, S. G. (2010), Scientifically Building Research for Kurdistan-Region (First Ediiton ed.), Erbil: Tafseer.
10. Kurdistan Ministry of Electricity, (2014), Energy & Energy Conservation. Retrieved December 27, 2015, from http://www.krgmoel.org/Wenekan_KS/29671312015_14-12-2014.pdf
11. Mingfang , T. (2002), Solar control for buildings, Building and Environment, 37:659–64.
12. Olgyay, V. (2015), Design with Climate, Oxfordshire: Princeton University Press.
13. Pacheo, R., Ordonez, J., & Martinez, G. (2012), Energy efficient design of building: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review , 3560-3573.
14. Schimschar, S., Boermans, T., Kretschmer, D., Offermann, M., & John , A. (2016), U-Value maps Turkey : Applying the comparative methodology framework for cost-optimality in the context of the EPBD. Kolin : Ecofyes.
15. Sorrell, S. (2015). Reducing energy demand: A review of issues,challenges and approaches. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 47 (2015) 74–82.
16. Taleghania, M., Tenpierika, M., Dobbelsteena, A. v., & Dear, R. (2012), Energy use impact of and thermal comfort in different urban block types in the Netherlands. Energy and Buildings , 166–175.
How to Cite
Authors retain copyright
The use of a Creative Commons License enables authors/editors to retain copyright to their work. Publications can be reused and redistributed as long as the original author is correctly attributed.
- The researcher(s), whether a single or joint research paper, must sell and transfer to the publisher (the Academic Journal of Nawroz University) through all the duration of the publication which starts from the date of entering this Agreement into force, the exclusive rights of the research paper/article. These rights include the translation, reuse of papers/articles, transmit or distribute, or use the material or parts(s) contained therein to be published in scientific, academic, technical, professional journals or any other periodicals including any other works derived from them, all over the world, in English and Arabic, whether in print or in electronic edition of such journals and periodicals in all types of media or formats now or that may exist in the future. Rights also include giving license (or granting permission) to a third party to use the materials and any other works derived from them and publish them in such journals and periodicals all over the world. Transfer right under this Agreement includes the right to modify such materials to be used with computer systems and software, or to reproduce or publish it in e-formats and also to incorporate them into retrieval systems.
- Reproduction, reference, transmission, distribution or any other use of the content, or any parts of the subjects included in that content in any manner permitted by this Agreement, must be accompanied by mentioning the source which is (the Academic Journal of Nawroz University) and the publisher in addition to the title of the article, the name of the author (or co-authors), journal’s name, volume or issue, publisher's copyright, and publication year.
- The Academic Journal of Nawroz University reserves all rights to publish research papers/articles issued under a “Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of the paper/article by any means, provided that the original work is correctly cited.
- Reservation of Rights
The researcher(s) preserves all intellectual property rights (except for the one transferred to the publisher under this Agreement).
- Researcher’s guarantee
The researcher(s) hereby guarantees that the content of the paper/article is original. It has been submitted only to the Academic Journal of Nawroz University and has not been previously published by any other party.
In the event that the paper/article is written jointly with other researchers, the researcher guarantees that he/she has informed the other co-authors about the terms of this agreement, as well as obtaining their signature or written permission to sign on their behalf.
The author further guarantees:
- The research paper/article does not contain any defamatory statements or illegal comments.
- The research paper/article does not violate other's rights (including but not limited to copyright, patent, and trademark rights).
This research paper/article does not contain any facts or instructions that could cause damages or harm to others, and publishing it does not lead to disclosure of any confidential information.