Effect of Rotary Friction Welding Parameters on the Mechanical Behavior ABS/PE Polymers

  • Gailan I. Hassan Erbil Technical Engineering College, Erbil Polytechnic University (EPU), Erbil, Kurdistan Region - Iraq
  • Younis Kh. Khdir Erbil Technical Engineering College, Erbil Polytechnic University (EPU), Erbil, Kurdistan Region - Iraq


This study deals with the Rotary Friction Welding, (RFW) as a variation of friction welding in which the energy required to make the weld is supplied primarily by the stored rotational kinetic energy of the welding machine. The mechanical energy generated in overcoming friction is continuously transformed into heat. In most circumstances the thermal energy generated is regarded as undesirable, but under controlled conditions it can be used to join materials, as in the case of rotary friction welding. In this paper, similar and dissimilar joints of Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x· (C4H6)y· (C3H3N)z) and Polyethylene (PE) or polyethene or poly(methylene)) are studied. The effects of different rotational rates, plunge depths, and traverse speeds on the microstructure and tensile strength of joints were investigated. Some defects such as pores and cracks were found at inappropriate processing parameters. The tensile test was carried out as the mechanical properties of joints. Different significant parameters were discussed. The maximal and minimal tensile strength indicated and evaluated.


Abdelbary, A. (2015). Wear of polymers and composites: Woodhead Publishing.
2. Aoki, K., & Koezawa, T. (2017). Characteristics of friction welding within a short time for aluminum alloy deformed by ECAE process. Procedia Engineering, 207, 597-602.
3. Bühr, C., Ahmad, B., Colegrove, P. A., McAndrew, A. R., Guo, H., & Zhang, X. (2018). Prediction of residual stress within linear friction welds using a computationally efficient modelling approach. Materials & Design, 139, 222-233.
4. Gao, J., Li, C., Shilpakar, U., & Shen, Y. (2016). Microstructure and tensile properties of dissimilar submerged friction stir welds between HDPE and ABS sheets. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 87(1-4), 919-927.
5. Handa, A., & Chawla, V. (2014). An investigation on the effect of axial pressures on the mechanical properties of friction welded dissimilar steels. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 6, 639378.
6. Hynes, N. R. J., Prabhu, M. V., & Nagaraj, P. (2017). Joining of hybrid AA6063-6SiC p-3Gr p composite and AISI 1030 steel by friction welding. Defence Technology.
7. Jung, D.-J., Cheon, J., & Na, S.-J. (2016). Effect of surface pre-oxidation on laser assisted joining of acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) and zinc-coated steel. Materials & Design, 99, 1-9.
8. Kimura, M., Kasuya, K., Kusaka, M., Kaizu, K., & Fuji, A. (2009). Effect of friction welding condition on joining phenomena and joint strength of friction welded joint between brass and low carbon steel. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 14(5), 404-412.
9. Kimura, M., Saitoh, Y., Kusaka, M., Kaizu, K., & Fuji, A. (2011). Effect of friction pressure on joining phenomena of friction welds between pure titanium and pure copper. Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 16(5), 392-398.
10. Kumar, R., Singh, R., Ahuja, I., Amendola, A., & Penna, R. (2018). Friction welding for the manufacturing of PA6 and ABS structures reinforced with Fe particles. Composites Part B: Engineering, 132, 244-257.
11. Lin, C., Wu, L.-C., & Chou, Y.-C. (2003). Effect of solvent and cosolvent on friction welding properties between part of PMMA with PVC. Journal of materials science, 38(12), 2563-2570.
12. Liu, F., Liao, J., & Nakata, K. (2014). Joining of metal to plastic using friction lap welding. Materials & Design (1980-2015), 54, 236-244.
13. Parsa, M., Davari, H., Hadian, A., & Ahmadabadi, M. N. (2007). Thermo‐Mechanical Calculations of Hybrid Rotary Friction Welding at Equal Diameter Copper Bars and Effects of Essential Parameters on Dependent Special Variables. Paper presented at the AIP Conference Proceedings.
14. Singh, R., Kumar, R., Feo, L., & Fraternali, F. (2016). Friction welding of dissimilar plastic/polymer materials with metal powder reinforcement for engineering applications. Composites Part B: Engineering, 101, 77-86.
15. Uday, M., & Ahmad-Fauzi, M. (2014). Joint properties of friction welded 6061 aluminum alloy/YSZ–alumina composite at low rotational speed. Materials & Design, 59, 76-83.
16. Uday, M., Fauzi, M. A., Zuhailawati, H., & Ismail, A. (2011). Effect of welding speed on mechanical strength of friction welded joint of YSZ–alumina composite and 6061 aluminum alloy. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 528(13), 4753-4760.
17. Zafar, A., Awang, M., & Khan, S. R. (2017). Friction Stir Welding of Polymers: An Overview. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Mechanical, Manufacturing and Process Plant Engineering.
Corresponding author: Dr. PhD. Younis Khalid Khdir, Tel.: +964 750 4790685 E-mail : younis.khdir@epu.edu.
How to Cite
HASSAN, Gailan I.; KHDIR, Younis Kh.. Effect of Rotary Friction Welding Parameters on the Mechanical Behavior ABS/PE Polymers. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 4, p. 104-112, dec. 2018. ISSN 2520-789X. Available at: <http://journals.nawroz.edu.krd/index.php/ajnu/article/view/278>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v7n4a278.