Effect of Rotary Friction Welding Parameters on the Mechanical Behavior ABS/PE Polymers
This study deals with the Rotary Friction Welding, (RFW) as a variation of friction welding in which the energy required to make the weld is supplied primarily by the stored rotational kinetic energy of the welding machine. The mechanical energy generated in overcoming friction is continuously transformed into heat. In most circumstances the thermal energy generated is regarded as undesirable, but under controlled conditions it can be used to join materials, as in the case of rotary friction welding. In this paper, similar and dissimilar joints of Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x· (C4H6)y· (C3H3N)z) and Polyethylene (PE) or polyethene or poly(methylene)) are studied. The effects of different rotational rates, plunge depths, and traverse speeds on the microstructure and tensile strength of joints were investigated. Some defects such as pores and cracks were found at inappropriate processing parameters. The tensile test was carried out as the mechanical properties of joints. Different significant parameters were discussed. The maximal and minimal tensile strength indicated and evaluated.
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