Hydraulic Performance of Sharp-Crested Labyrinth Weir
Weirs are used as a control structure in the waterways. Among the influencing geometrical parameters on the weir performance is the total crest length. Experimental work on 27 geometric models of two-cycle Labyrinth shape crest weir is tested. The tested physical models consist of three weir heights, three apex widths and the sidewall angle is between (4.67°≤ α ≤ 19°), with three models of rectangular labyrinth weirs. The weirs of the wider apex and the same total length perform better and its coefficient of discharge is higher. Labyrinth weirs of longer sidewall length and contents same apex width performance batter. The larger value of sidewall angle and for a constant apex width reduces the value of discharge coefficient. The value of Cd range from (0.34-0.83) for the ratio of upstream head to the weir height (h/P) is ranged (0.08-0.48). The equations to predict the value of the discharge coefficient are suggested within the limitations of the present study.
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