The role of lean manufacturing dimensions in improving environmental performance An exploratory study of the opinions of a sample of workers in the Hamid factory in Dohuk Governorate


  • Anwar Mohammed Hussien Business Administration Department, College of Business and Economics, Nawroz University, Kurdistan Region of Iraq



The research deals with the issue of the dimensions of lean manufacturing as one of the modern topics that emerged as a result of the rapid developments in the business world, represented by the development of information systems, the spread of computers and the Internet worldwide, and their use in managing production and service organizations, which leads to an increase in the efficiency of their administrative work. This research sought to determine the correlation and effect relationships between the dimensions of lean manufacturing and the improvement of environmental performance in the researched industrial organization. The researcher used the questionnaire method as a main tool for collecting data and information with the use of a number of statistical methods to test hypotheses. In general, the researcher tried to answer the following question: What is the nature of the correlation and impact relationships between the dimensions of lean manufacturing and improving environmental performance in the researched organization? The researcher reached a set of conclusions, the most important of which is the existence of a significant correlation between the dimensions of lean manufacturing combined and the improvement of environmental performance in the researched organization. This indicates an increased interest of the management of the surveyed organization in the dimensions of lean manufacturing that will contribute to improving environmental performance. The researcher presented a number of recommendations in this regard, the most important of which is that it is necessary for the researched factory to benefit from modern technological development in improving the production processes of lean manufacturing to raise the level of quality of its products in addition to improving its environmental performance.


Download data is not yet available.


3. قائمة المصادر

3.1. المصادر العربية :

الجبوري، ميسر ابراهيم احمد ، 2008 ، نظم ادارة الجودة ، دار ابن الأثير الطباعة والنشر، جامعة الموصل ، العراق .

الجرجري، خضير خليل شيخ , (2014 ), استراتيجية التصنيع الرشيق ودورها في تحقيق الميزة التنافسية للمنظمة , دراسة استطلاعية على عدد من الشركات الصناعية في قضاء زاخو , مجلة جامعة زاخو , المجلد الثاني , العدد الثاني , دهوك , العراق .

عثمان، حسن عثمان , (2008), دور إدارة البيئة في تحسين الاداء البيئي للمؤسسات الاقتصادية , المؤتمر العلمي الدولي ( التنمية المستدامة والكفاءة الاستخدامية للمواد المتاحة ), جامعة فرحت عباس- سطيف , كلية العلوم الاقتصادية و علوم التسيير – الجزائر.

الكيكي , غانم محمود احمد (2011) تحسين معولية المعدة باستخدام مرتكزات الصيانة المنتجة الشاملة . المجلة العراقية للعلوم الادارية , صفحة العدد السابع , كلية الادارة والاقتصاد , جامعة كربلاء , العراق .

المراد , نوال يونس , خليف , سلطان احمد , عبدالقادر , احمد محمود , (2009 ), التنمية المستدامة وانعكاساتها على تحسين الاداء البيئي , جامعة الزيتونة الاردنية , المؤتمر الدولي السنوي التاسع اقتصاديات البيئة والعولمة , عمان الاردن .

النعمة , معتصم هود محمد صالح ، 2006 ، دور مكونات راس المال الفكري في امكانية اقامة مرتكزات التصنع الرشيق، الموصل : رسالة ماجستير ، كلية الادارة والاقتصاد ، جامعة الموصل .

3.2. المصادر الاجنبية :

Ahrens. Thorsten, 2006, lean production: Successful implementation of organization all change in operations instead of short term cost reduction efforts, .

Alcavaz, Jorge Lavcia and Macias, Aide Aracely Maldonado and Robles, Guilemo Cortes, 2014, Lean Manufacturing in the Developing world Methodology, Case Studies and Trends from Latin America, Springer cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London.

Bran,Florina Ioan, Iidiko, Randulescu, Carmen Valentina, (2011), Measures of Environmental Performance Review of International Comparative Management Volume 12, Issue 5 Florina BRAN , Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania.

Buggy, jon M and Nelson, Jennifer, 2005, applying lean production in health care facilities,

Chen Siyu and Fan, Shuhai and Xiong, Jiawei and Zhang, Wengian, 2017, The Design of JMP /SAP Based six sigma management system and its Application in SMED, Procedia Engineering Vol. 174.

Cirjalin, Bianca and Draghici, Anca , 2016, Ergonomic Issues in lean Manufacturing Elsever Joumal Vol 221.

Davim, J. Paulo, 2018, Progress in Lean Manufacturing Springer International Publishing AG Part of Srringer Nature, Gewer bestrasse 11, G330 cham, Switzerland.

Eirin Lodgaarda, J.A. (2016). Barriers to lean implementation: perceptions of top managers, middle managers and workers. 49th CIRP conference on Manufacturing Systems ( CIEP –CMS 2016).Science Direct.

Gajdzik,B,2009,introduction of total productive maintenance in steel works plants,htttp://public camet .hr/metalurgija/2009-vol 48/No-2/MET-48-2137-140 Gajdzik.pdf.

Gandhi , Nevil and Thanki, Shashank J.and Thakkar, Jitesh J. ,2018, Ranking of drivlers for Integrated Lean- Green Manufacturing SMEs, Joumal of Cleaner Production, Vol 171.

Goforth ,kelyx, Ann, 2007, Adapting lean manufacturing principles to the textile industry , http ://wwwlib.ncsu .edu /theses/available /etd – 03212007-230809/unrestric –ted/ted.pdf.

Grabosky Peter & Gant ,Frances, (2000), Improving Environmental Performance ,preventing Environmental crime , Australian

Habib , zahid &Wang,kang,2008,Implementation of total productive maintenance on Haldex AssemblyLine , –FS/1.69621,2008%20314%20 habib-Wang %20 thesis%20.pdf.

Hachicha ,W.&Masmoudi,F.&Haddar ,M,2007, An improvement of A cellular manufacturing system design using simulation Analysis ,http :// /full text2007/text6-4-193-205-pdf.

Hamid, Hashima Binti, 2015, Contnuous Improvement CSF Framewrk for Assessing CI Maturily In ISO And NON-ISO Certified, Construction Contraction organizations PHD Thesis, Universiti Tun Hussein onn Malaysia.

Jaisnker ,S. , 2014, A Study on Widespread Adoption of Lean Manufacturing Goods Manufacturing firms ph D Thesis, Anna University of Technology Coimbatore.

Juma, Soita Justus, 2016, Continuous Improvement Practices and Product Quality Performance A T Tatachemicals Magadi Limited, Master.

Lawless, William D., 2006, introduction to Kaizen Budgeting, http://roadwarrior .net/Documents/introduction %20to%20 Kaizen .pdf.

Matshali, Sibongakonke G. , 2011, Inpiementing lean manufacturing Techniques A T Arcelormittal- Pretonia Works Master, Thesis University of Pretonia.

Mclaughlin, Patrick and cardenas, Isidro. Duazo. 2013. Celular Manufacturing Application in MRO Operation, Elsevier Joumal, Vol 11.

Mlkva, Miroslava and Prajova, Vanessa and Yakimovich, Bonis and Korshinov, Alexander and Tyurin Ivan, 2016 , Standardization- one of the Tools of Continuous Improvement, Elsevier Journal Vol 149.

Neha, 2013, Lean Manufacturing Tool and Techniques in Process Industry, International Journal of Scientific Reserch and Reviews, 2013, VoL 2, No. 1.

Pearce, Antony and Pons, Dirk, 2012, Risk in implementing lean Practices: Lean Manufacturing as a strategic Business Transformation 6th National Conference of Newzland Society for Risk Management.

Pfeifer, Michael,2005, the 58 workplace: A system for visual control and lean production, .

Rotaru, Eng.Ana,2008, implementing lean manufacturing, http://www.temugalro/Anale/2008/l21 LAUDJG2008AR.pdf.

Roth Benlloyd Koekemoer, 2014, Enablers for lean Process Sustainability Within south African Manufacturing Industries, Master Thesis, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.

Rymaszewska, A.D. (2014). The challenges of lean manufacturing implementation in SMF. S. An International Journal, pp-987-1002.

Srica, Anca Dana,2008, Recon-figural manufacturing systems, http://www.intouradea./auo.fmte/ss/2008files/oradea-sirca-Anca-pdf.

Vastag,Gyula & Rondinelli, Dennis, (2000), Improving Environmental Performance and Compliance : 10 Elements of Effectiv, Environmental Management Systems, Commission for Environmantal Cooperation, http: //

Venkatsh, J, 2007, An Introduction to Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)-38. Htt: //www Plant – maintenance. Com /articles/ tpm-intro pdf.

Vile,Kim,2003,5S and TPM working together asone in TPLN,



How to Cite

Mohammed Hussien, A. (2023). The role of lean manufacturing dimensions in improving environmental performance An exploratory study of the opinions of a sample of workers in the Hamid factory in Dohuk Governorate. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 12(2), 125–139.