The impact of military spending on unemployment rates in a group of developing countries for the period (2005-2020) Using panel data


  • Zozan Muhammad Salih Administration and Economics, University of Dohuk, Dohuk, Kurdistan Region of Iraq



Sovereignty is one of the components of public life and one of the basic components of the state that aims to meet the demands and requirements of the individuals that make up society. Therefore, the absence of security and stability requires the allocation of large sums of money, or what is called military spending, to secure and provide the elements of stability. This is on the one hand, and on the other hand, military spending is a problem. It is an obstacle to achieving progress in civilian activities, especially in developing countries and countries that are characterized by a low real growth rate, such as the countries under study, and these expenditures leave negative effects on economic and social variables, including unemployment. This research aspires to explain and analyze the impact of military spending on unemployment rates in countries characterized by By increasing its military spending, such as (Iraq, Iran, Turkey, and the Arab Republic of Egypt). The research took unemployment rates as a dependent variable within the model and some independent variables, which are expected to have a role in increasing or decreasing unemployment rates, based on economic theory, such as (military spending as a percentage of GDP, and foreign investment). As a percentage of DGP and GDP growth), the most important finding of this research is that the large increase in military spending crowds out the economic budget, which leads to budget restrictions for other sectors such as education, health, and industrial productivity, especially in developing countries. The research suggests the need for these countries to move towards a growth rate Stable through the real growth of economic sectors and the transfer of its investment resources to other areas that guarantee its economic growth.


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How to Cite

Muhammad Salih, Z. (2023). The impact of military spending on unemployment rates in a group of developing countries for the period (2005-2020) Using panel data. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 12(4), 225–235.