The Role of Human Resource Slack on the Total Quality Management Implementation “An Empirical study at College of Administration and Economics / University of Duhok”


  • Tawfeeq R. Fouaad Department of Business Administration, University of Duhok Kurdistan Region, Iraq.



Organizational Slack, Human Resource Slack, Total Quality Management, Team working, Continuous Improvement, Customer Focus, Employ Involvement


This study aimed to find the level of the human resource (HR) Slack, and investigate its impacts on implementing Total Quality Management (TQM) as perceived by teaching board members at college of administration and economic / university of Duhok.

The study adopted the descriptive approach, and utilized a questionnaire for data collection. The sample of the study consisted of (69) teaching board members whom were selected randomly from the study population during the academic year 2017/2018.

The findings of the study indicated that, there was a significant negative relationship at (α ≤ 0.05) between the level of HR Slack and the level of TQM implementation. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant impact of HR slack as independent variables on the depended variables (team working, continuous improvement ,Customer Focus , and employee involvement) with default significance at (α ≤ 0.05). 

In light of the findings , the study presents a set of suggestions including ; the necessity of reducing HR slack by spreading the culture of compliance with the rules and regulations work and the official working hours between the employees of the surveyed college included in the research , whatever their job location ,as well as ,the top management of the surveyed college should consider TQM as a priority in its interests, and involving the surveyed college  to TQM implementation at all levels.


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How to Cite

Fouaad, T. R. (2019). The Role of Human Resource Slack on the Total Quality Management Implementation “An Empirical study at College of Administration and Economics / University of Duhok”. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 8(4), 107–120.