Irregular Migration and Its Impact on Refugee Rights


  • Neamat M. S. Mohammed Faculty of Arts, Soran University, Soran, Kurdistan Region, Iraq



Migration is linked to its general concept and is closely related to the right of the person to freedom of movement and choice of residence inside the borders of each state and the right to leave any country and return to it, including the state. Human migratory movements have become more complex and have taken various forms and means.

At the same time, successive waves of refugee movements and their attempts to reach a safe haven away from the dangers that forced them to leave their countries and seek asylum. For this reason, international attention has been growing by international organizations and countries in following up the problems of irregular migration and confronting the negative consequences of it.  The literature of the United Nations, in particular, organizations working in this regard and countries have adopted the term irregular migration because of its characters.

 Addressing the problem of irregular migration with specific rules and clear international mechanisms contributes significantly to the protection of refugees and the promotion of their rights in transit countries or in the countries of destination in which they will settle, and to clarify it’s essential and important role in this regard with the provisions of the international conventions and declarations guaranteeing human rights and protecting them in such cases. In order to clarify such issues, we have chosen to explore the subject in three sections:

The first deals with the legal concept of immigration, the legal basis for its treatment and the rights enjoyed by the irregular migrant; The second section deals with the definition of asylum and its legal basis and the rights enjoyed by refugees in order to reach the most important aspects of discrimination between them;  In the third section to prevent confusion between the status of migrants and refugee status, the effects of irregular migration on the asylum and refugee system and the international treatment of irregular migration and its impact on refugee rights.


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How to Cite

Mohammed, N. M. S. (2020). Irregular Migration and Its Impact on Refugee Rights. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 9(2), 263–283.