PSYCHOLINGUISTIC PECULIARITIES OF VERBAL AGGRESSION IN ENGLISH POLITICAL DISCOURSE
Keywords:speech aspects, verbal aggression, insults; social pressure, forms of speech act, communicative features, emotional relaxation of the subject, structure of linguistic violence, pragmatic diagnostics, national linguistic forms
Psycholinguistic peculiarities of verbal aggression in English political discourse. The article examines aspects of speech aggression that allows social pressure to be exercised in the conditions of the asymmetric social status of participants in verbal communications. The factors of linguistic objectification are investigated from the perspective of age, social, gender, personal characteristics and characteristics of subjects of discourse. As an example of verbal aggression, the speech acts of public speeches of the incumbent President of the United States of America D. Trump, which are considered as an integral part of an individual's activities, due to high semantic significance and the necessary level of interpersonal interaction, were subjected to linguistic analysis. The use of aggression in Trump's political discourse is is guided by reason, not emotion. His consistent use of derogatory nicknames, constant attention to the media, as well as the selection of offensive words that draw attention to the specific shortcomings of his addressees indicate that aggression is not based on impulsiveness or randomness. Verbal aggression aimed at lowering the opponent's social status is one of the methods of an offensive strategy and affects, sometimes significantly, the decision-making of an offended person. The use of methods of verbal aggression by D. Trump in the context of political discourse can be a powerful "weapon" both in relation to the internal political situation and in the external political arena. Such aspects, in the context of the increasing influence of forms of digital culture on the psycho-emotional sphere of a person, leave researchers with ample opportunities in the field of scientific research.
Allen, J. J., Anderson, C. A., & Bushman, B. J. (2018). "The General Aggression Model. " Current Opinion in Psychology, 19: 75-80.
Anderson, C. A., & Carnagey, N. L. (2004). Violent evil and the General Aggression Model. In A. G. Miller (Ed.), The social psychology of good and evil (p. 168–192). The Guilford Press.
Anderson, C. A., Deuser, W. E., & DeNeve, K. M. (1995). Hot temperatures, hostile affect, hostile cognition, and arousal: Tests of a general model of affective aggression. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 434-448.
Anderson, C.A., & Bushman, B. J. (2002). “Human aggression”. Journal of Annual Review of Psychology, 53: 27-51.
Bower, G. H. (1981). " Mood and memory." American Psychologist, 36(2): 129–148.
Donald Trump campaign speech in Wisconsin. Retrieved from http://www.pohtico.com/story/2016/08/full-text-donald-trumps-speech-on-227095
Donald Trump's Speech West Bend, Wisconsin. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5qYf7uRGruY&index=2&list=PLs6KnRgy eUx7hZw7VH3-to0r2cy_oSh9B&t=1701 s
Gilbert, F., & Daffern, M. (2011). "Illuminating the relationship between personality disorder and violence: Contributions of the General Aggression Model." Psychology of Violence, 1(3): 230–244.
Higgins, E. T. (1996). Knowledge activation: Accessibility, applicability, and salience. In Higgins, E. T., & Kruglanski, A. W. (Eds.), In Social psychology: Handbook of basic principles (pp. 133-168). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1995). "A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure." Psychological Review, 102(2):246–268.
President Trump's historic speech to 2018 March for Life. Retrieved from https://www.lifesitenews.com/news/full-text-president-trumps-historic-speech-to-march-for-life.
TeleTrader Public WebStation Retrieved from https://www.teletrader.com/trump-blasts-us-media-coverage-of-iran/news/d etails/47997133?ts= 1587673421476 (data obrashcheniya: 19.03.2020).
The 598 People, Places and Things Donald Trump Has Insulted on Twitter: A Complete List. Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/in teractive/2016/01/28/upshot/donald-trump-twitterinsults.html?hpw&rref=upshot&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=well-regi on®ion=bottom-well&WT.nav=bottom-well
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Yulia bakai
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors retain copyright
The use of a Creative Commons License enables authors/editors to retain copyright to their work. Publications can be reused and redistributed as long as the original author is correctly attributed.
- The researcher(s), whether a single or joint research paper, must sell and transfer to the publisher (the Academic Journal of Nawroz University) through all the duration of the publication which starts from the date of entering this Agreement into force, the exclusive rights of the research paper/article. These rights include the translation, reuse of papers/articles, transmit or distribute, or use the material or parts(s) contained therein to be published in scientific, academic, technical, professional journals or any other periodicals including any other works derived from them, all over the world, in English and Arabic, whether in print or in electronic edition of such journals and periodicals in all types of media or formats now or that may exist in the future. Rights also include giving license (or granting permission) to a third party to use the materials and any other works derived from them and publish them in such journals and periodicals all over the world. Transfer right under this Agreement includes the right to modify such materials to be used with computer systems and software, or to reproduce or publish it in e-formats and also to incorporate them into retrieval systems.
- Reproduction, reference, transmission, distribution or any other use of the content, or any parts of the subjects included in that content in any manner permitted by this Agreement, must be accompanied by mentioning the source which is (the Academic Journal of Nawroz University) and the publisher in addition to the title of the article, the name of the author (or co-authors), journal’s name, volume or issue, publisher's copyright, and publication year.
- The Academic Journal of Nawroz University reserves all rights to publish research papers/articles issued under a “Creative Commons License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction of the paper/article by any means, provided that the original work is correctly cited.
- Reservation of Rights
The researcher(s) preserves all intellectual property rights (except for the one transferred to the publisher under this Agreement).
- Researcher’s guarantee
The researcher(s) hereby guarantees that the content of the paper/article is original. It has been submitted only to the Academic Journal of Nawroz University and has not been previously published by any other party.
In the event that the paper/article is written jointly with other researchers, the researcher guarantees that he/she has informed the other co-authors about the terms of this agreement, as well as obtaining their signature or written permission to sign on their behalf.
The author further guarantees:
- The research paper/article does not contain any defamatory statements or illegal comments.
- The research paper/article does not violate other's rights (including but not limited to copyright, patent, and trademark rights).
This research paper/article does not contain any facts or instructions that could cause damages or harm to others, and publishing it does not lead to disclosure of any confidential information.