A Review about “Conservation Theory and Principles of Italy”


  • Riman Mohammed Said Bashir Department of Architectural Engineering, Nawroz University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region – Iraq
  • Mizgine Karaaslan Department of Architectural Engineering, Nawroz University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region – Iraq




Conservation of the historical and cultural environmental values that humanity has created in certain natural environments within the millennia of civilization, as in Italy. Both historical and cultural environmental values are not just the material values of societies, it is vital that has rich references in the creation of society structures. The aim of this work is to review the principles and theories of protection from past to present in Italy, which is one of the strong and rooted countries in the protection of the historical and cultural environment. Conservation of historical environment and structure development of new building applications in historical environment applications were made, and legal legislation in Italy to the present will be examined. In this context, firstly, information   about   the physical, geographical and historical development of Italy will be reviewed, then important historical structures of Italy will be discussed. Finally, information about the history of Italy, the principles and theories based on centuries will be evaluated with the years of its emergence. As results, these theories and principles have been applied in long periods due to socio - economic deficiencies. Among the most common problems in protection in Italy are the inadequacy of protection consciousness, conflict and contradictions of authority.


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How to Cite

Mohammed Said Bashir, R., & Karaaslan, M. (2023). A Review about “Conservation Theory and Principles of Italy”. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 12(1), 85–95. https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v12n1a1450