Ideational Grammatical Metaphor of Gender Variation in Central Kurdish Media Discourse


  • Hawsar A. Shekhani Koya Physical Education Institute, Ministry of Education, Koya, Kurdistan Region - F.R. Iraq
  • Daban Q. Jaff PhD Candidate, Philosophische Fakultät, Universität Erfurt, Erfurt, Germany



The purpose of this study is to analyze media spoken discourse in Central Kurdish, investigating gender variation, using Halliday's grammatical metaphor as a lens. Halliday identified the ideational and interpersonal grammatical metaphor within the SFG. This study relates to the study of SFG in that it examines the linguistic parallels in two interviewees, one male and one female TV interview. The author compiled the findings using a mixed-methods approach and Halliday's grammatical metaphor. The following research concerns are addressed: What is the most common form of nominalized process type of ideational grammatical metaphor in Central Kurdish media discourse? What is the area of similarities and differences in the selection of nominalized process types in Central Kurdish spoken media discourse of male and female speakers? How is reality expressed through ideational grammatical metaphor in Central Kurdish media discourse? During the speeches, 175 distinct nominalized processes were identified. Four of the six nominalized process categories were implemented. The total number of nominalized material process selections is 115, or 65.71% of the total, with verbal process types representing 48 events, or 27.42% of the total, relational process types representing only 5 selections, or 2.85% of the total. Three forms of each behavioral and existential were employed, accounting for 1.71%. And lastly, there is only one selection of mental process, accounting for 0.57%. Both interviewees select material and verbal processes as their most preferred choices. In addition, the author discovered that both political figures attempt to convey their political beliefs through nominalized process types.


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How to Cite

A. Shekhani, H. ., & Q. Jaff, D. (2024). Ideational Grammatical Metaphor of Gender Variation in Central Kurdish Media Discourse. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 13(1), 587–594.