Discrete Wavelet Transform with Eigenface to Enhance Face Recognition Rate


  • Shakir F. Kak Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU) - Akre Technical Institute, Kurdistan Region - Iraq
  • Firas M. Mustafa Duhok Polytechnic University (DPU) , Kurdistan Region - Iraq
  • Pedro R. Valente Portucalense University (UPT) , Portugal




DWT, ORL Database, Face Recognition, PCA, Distance measures


In a recent past, face recognition was one of the most popular methods and successful application of image processing field which is widely used in security and biometric applications. The innovation of new approaches to face identification technologies is continuously subject to building much strong face recognition algorithms. Face recognition in real-time applications has been fast-growing challenging and interesting. The human face identification process is not trivial task especially different face lighting and poses are captured to be matched. In this study, the proposed method is tested using a benchmark ORL database that contains 400 images of 40 persons as the variant posse, lighting, etc. Discrete avelet Transform technique is applied on the ORL database to enhance the accuracy and the recognition rate. The best recognition rate result obtained is 99.25%, when tested using 9 training images and 1 testing image with cosine distance measurement. The recognition rate Increased when applying 2-level of DWT with the bior5.5 filter on training image database and the test image. For feature extraction and dimension reduction, PCA is used. Euclidean distance, Manhattan distance, and Cosine distance are Distance measures used for the matching process.


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How to Cite

Kak, S. F., Mustafa, F. M., & Valente, P. R. (2018). Discrete Wavelet Transform with Eigenface to Enhance Face Recognition Rate. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 7(4), 9–17. https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v7n4a266