Diagnosis of the relationship between employees empowerment and strategic dexterity A survey of the views of a sample of teaching staff at the Cihan University


  • Mohammed A. Ahmad 1Technical Business Management Department, Erbil Polytechnic University-Iraq, and Health Administration Department, Cihan University-Erbil
  • Mahmoud M. A. Bashqaly Department of Business Administration, College of Administrative and Financial Sciences, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq.




The present study sought to determine the nature of the correlation and impact relationship between the dimensions of employees empowerment and strategic dexterity at Cihan University/Erbil under study. The study was based on the development of a questionnaire consisting of (34) paragraphs for the purpose of measuring the dimensions and variables according to the Likert scale of five weights. As a mechanism for this study in achieving its objectives, two main hypotheses were developed indicating a significant correlation between the dimensions of employees empowerment and strategic dexterity (collectively and individually). And a significant effect on the dimensions of employees empowerment in the strategic dexterity (collectively and individually). The questionnaire was distributed to the functional and teaching staff at the researched university. The study chose a random sample of (75) forms, of which 58 were valid for analysis, ie, the response rate was 77.33%. The study used statistical methods to process, analyze and reach the results by adopting the SPSS program.


Download data is not yet available.


5.1. Arabic References:
1. Sherif, Jalal Saad Al-Malouk Abdulrahman, (2002), The Impact of the Empowerment Strategy on Enhancing Organizational Creativity. An Analytical Study at Mosul University, unpublished PhD thesis, Faculty of Management and Economics, Mosul University.
2. Melhem, Yahya Salim, (2006), Empowerment as a Contemporary Administrative Concept, Arab Organization for Development, Cairo, Egypt.
3. Diop, Ayman Hassan, (2014), Empowerment of Workers as an Approach to Improving the Quality of Career in the Telecommunications Sector (Field Study), Damascus University Journal of Economic and Legal Sciences, Vol. 30, First Issue, pp. 195-224.
4. Al-Bahaisi, Abdul Muti Mahmoud, (2014), The Role of employees empowerment in achieving organizational excellence "A field study in Technical Colleges in Gaza Strip".

4.2. English References:
1. Adler, Paul S. & Heckscher, Charles, (2011), Collaborative community is the Basis of organizational ambidexterity, USC working paper.
2. Brown , J . S . , & Duguid , P . ( 1991 ) . Organizational learning and communities - of practice : Toward a unified view of working, learning and innovation . Organization Science , 2 ( 1 ) , 40 - 57 .
3. Brown, Steven, (1996), Strategic Manufacturing for Competitive Advantage, Prentice-Hall, Europe, London.
4. Chandrasekaran, Aravind, (2009), Multiple Levels Of Ambidexterity In Managing The Innovation- Improvement Dilemma: Evidence From High Technology Rganizations, The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy, The Faculty Of The Graduate School Of The University Of Minnesota.
5. Charles A. O’Reilly III & Michael L. Tushman, (2008), Ambidexterity as a Dynamic Capability: Resolving the Innovator’s Dilemma, Research in Organizational Behavior, Volume 28, Pages 185–206.
6. Cole, Kris, (2005), Management, Theory & Practice, Pearson Preentice Hall, Australia.
7. Daft, Richard L., (2001), Organization: Theory and Design, South Western College Publishing, Ohio.
8. Eccles, Tony, (1993), The Deceptive Allure of Empowerment, Long Rang Planning, Vol. 26, No.6.
9. Han, Mary, (2005), Towards Strategic Ambidexterity: The Nexus Of Pro-Profit And Pro-Growth Strategies For The Sustainable International Corporation, Paper Submitted to the JIBS Frontier Conference,Rotterdam, Netherlands.
10. Hoefs, Job, (2010), The Relationship Between Contextual Ambidexterity And Innovative Ambidexterity: The Mediating Role Of Knowledge Sharing Ambidexterity, The Master Degree, Faculty Economics And Business, University Of Van Amsterdam.
11. Huang, Pei-Wen, Cheng-Shiu U; Shih-Chieh Fang, National Cheng Kung U; Julia Lin, I-Shou U; Chiwei Liu, I-Shou U, (2008), Why to be Ambidextrous and How to Enhance Ambidexterity? The Relationship between Environmental Factors, Innovation strategy and Organizational Capabilities, 6th Asia Academy of Management Conference, December 14-16, 2008, Taipei, Taiwan.
12. Judge, William Q. & Blocker, Christopher P., (2008), Organizational capacity for change and strategic ambidexterity Flying the plane while rewiring it, European Journal of Marketing, Vol. 42 No. 9/10, pp. 915-926.
13. Laplume, André, (2010), Heuristics for strategic ambidexterity: Balancing exploration and exploitation over time in varying environments, the degree of Doctor Of Philosophy, Department of Business Administration, Asper School of Business, University of Manitoba.
14. Leone, Ludovica, (2010), A Critical Review Of Improvisation In Organizations: Open Issues And Future Research Directions, Paper to be presented at the Summer Conference on Opening Up Innovation: Strategy, Organization and Technology" At Imperial College London Business School, June 16 - 18, 2010.
15. Luthans, Fredm (2005), Organizational Behavior, McGraw-Hill, 10 ed, USA.
16. Marren, Patrick, (2008), strategic improvisation, Journal of Business Strategy, Volume 29, Issue 6.
17. Ödman, Alexander & Molneryd, Simon, (2011), how to know where to go, without knowing where you are heading: How is a Company Agile?, the Master Dgree of Science in Management, school of business, economic & law, university of gothenburg.
18. Perry , L . T . (1991) . Strategic improvising : How to formulate and implement competitive strategies in concert . Organizational Dynamics , 19 ( 4 ) , 51 - 64 .
19. Popadiuk, Silvio, (2012), Scale for classifying organizations as explorers, exploiters or ambidextrous, International Journal of Information Management, V. 32, pp: 75– 87.
20. Prange, Christiane & Schlegelmilch,, Bodo B., (2009), The Role of Ambidexterity in Marketing Strategy Implementation: Resolving the Exploration-Exploitation Dilemma, BuR - Business Research Official Open Access Journal of VHB, Volume 2, Issue 2, December 2009, pp: 215-240.
21. Robbins, Stephen P., (1998), Organizational Behavior, Concepts, Controversies, Applications, Prentice-Hall International, Inc., New Jersey.
22. Rooijakkers, Martijn, (2013), How Ambidexterity Contributes to the Development of the Corporate Social Responsibility Strategy of Enexis Measuring and Optimising Ambidexterity, master degree, School of Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences, Univesity of technology.
23. Szabo, Roland Zsolt, (2010), Strategic Adaptation, Ambidexterity, And Competitiveness In Hungary Between 1992 And 2010, The Degree Of Doctor Of Philosophy, Department of trategic Management, Institute of Management, Corvinus University of Budapest.
24. Teoh, Say Yen & Wickramasinghe, Nilmini, (2011), A Strategic Improvisation Model: A Case Study Of Healthcare Information Systems Design, Confrance PACIS 2011 Proceedings, Paper 190.
25. Venkatraman, C. H. Lee and B. Iyer, “Strategic ambidexterity and sales growth: A longitudinal test in the software sector,” paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, Honolulu, HI, 2007.
26. Voss, Glenn B. And Voss, Zannie Giraud, (2012), Strategic Ambidexterity in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Implementing Exploration and Exploitation in Product and Market Domains, Organization Science, ISSN 1047-7039 (print) . ISSN 1526-5455 (online), pp: 1-19.



How to Cite

Ahmad, M. A., & Bashqaly, M. M. A. (2019). Diagnosis of the relationship between employees empowerment and strategic dexterity A survey of the views of a sample of teaching staff at the Cihan University. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 8(3), 102–118. https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v8n3a433