The role of Open-book Management in Achieving Organizational Agility “Research based on PhD. Thesis”


  • Mohammed A. Hussein Al-Taii Banking & Finance Department, Zarka University, Jordan
  • Hadi Kh. Ismael Banking & Finance Department, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Iraq
  • Shihab A. Khudhur Banking & Finance Department, Duhok Polytechnic University, Kurdistan Iraq



The study aims at acknowledging the impact of Open-book management on the types of organizational agility (sensing agility, decision-making agility, and acting agility) in the private universities / Kurdistan Region - Iraq.  The study has used the analytical descriptive methodology, through using questionnaire to collect information from the members of the university councils in (11) private university in Kurdistan Region - Iraq.  The sample of the study includes (91) members of the university councils. The statistical program (SPSS. V. 21) has been used to analysis the information collected and to get the results of the hypotheses testing.

The main findings of the study were that the surveyed universities are practicing both of open-book management and organizational agility at high levels. The study also indicates that open-book management has a significant impact on organizational agility at the surveyed universities. A number of suggestions were presented focusing on that the private universities need to pay more attention to practice open-book management as it has a positive significant impact on achieving organizational agility.


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7.1 Scientific Thesis & Dissertation
1. Madeleine , Hogfeldt And Louise Lindwall, (2018), Human Resources’ Role In An Agile Transformation – A Case Study At Volvo Cars , Master’s Thesis In Quality And Operations Management , Chalmers University Of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden
2. Park, Young Ki, (2011), The Dynamics of opportunité and thread management in turbulent environments: the role information technologies, Degree Doctor of Philosophy (Business Administration Faculty of the USC Graduate School University of Southern California.
7.2 Journals & periodical
1. Aggarwal, R. & Simkins, B. (2001). Open-book management—optimizing human capital , Business Horizons journal , 44 (5),p. 5–13.
2. Alkhamis , Faisal Abdulkarim , (2018) , The Mediating Role Of Employee Job Performance In The Impact Of Open Book Management Dimensions On Customer Satisfaction , Verslas: Teorija Ir Praktika / Business: Theory And Practice , 19: 157–165.
3. Al-Mzary M, Al-Rifai A, Al-Momany M (2015) Training and its impact on the performance of employees at Jordanian universities from the perspective of employees: the case of Yarmouk University. Journal of Education and Practice 6 p. 128-140
4. Ardichvili, A., Cardozo, R., & Ray, S., (2003), A theory of entrepreneurial opportunity identification and development, Journal of Business Venturing, 18, p.105-123.
5. Eisenhardt. M. Kathleen and Sull. N. Donald, (2001), Strategy as simple rules, Harvard Business Review, 79(1), p.106-116.
6. Groen BAC, Wouters MJF, Wilderom CPM (2016) Employee participation, performance, metrics, and job performance: a survey study based on self-determination theory. Management Accounting Research 36: 51-66.
7. Houghton R., El Sawy O. A., Gray P., Donegan C., & Joshi A. (2004). Vigilant Information Systems for Managing Enterprises in Dynamic Supply Chains: Real-Time Dashboards at Western Digital , MIS Quarterly Executive, 3(1), p. 19-35.
8. Kidwell, R.E. & Scherer, P.M. (2001). Layoffs and their ethical implications under scientific management, quality management and open-book management, Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1/2), p.113–124.
9. Nadkarni, S., & Narayanan, V. K., (2007), Strategic schemas, strategic flexibility, and firm performance: The moderating role of industry clockspeed, Strategic Management Journal, 28(3), p. 234-270.
10. Nafei, Wageedh.A., (2016), Organizational Agility: The Key to Organizational Success, , International Journal of Business and Management; Vol. (11), No. ( 5), p. 297-309.
11. Nikzad, Manteghi & Maryam, Golkari ,(2012), The Relationship between Open Book Management and Trust with Organization Financial Performance , Procedia Technology journal , 1,p.340-344.
12. Oosterhout, M. V., Waarts, E., & Van Hillegersberg, J. (2006). Change Factors Requiring Agility and Implications for it , European Journal of Information Systems, 15(2), p.132-145.
13. Overby, E., Bharadwaj, A., & Sambamurthy, V. (2006). Enterprise Agility and the Enabling Role of Information Technology, European Journal of Information Systems, 15(2), p.120-131
14. Padmasiri MD, Sandamali JGP, Mahalekamge WGS, Mendis MVS (2018) The relationship between training and development and employee performance of executive level employees in apparel organizations. International Invention of Scientific Journal 2 (01): 13-17.
15. Saha, N., Gregar, A., and Sáha, P. (2017). Organizational agility and HRM strategy: Do they really enhance firms’ competitiveness?. International Journal of Organizational Leadership, 6.(3), p.33-334..
16. Sanadgol, Marzie. (2014). The Survey of Relationship between Organizational Agility and Principals Job Satisfaction, International Journal of Sciences & Applied Research 3, P. 317-319.
17. Sharifi, H., & Zhang, Z. (2001). Agile Manufacturing in Practice. Application of a Methodology. International Journal of Operations & Production Management, 21(5/6) , p.772-794.
18. Tallon, Paul P. and Pinsonneault, Alain.( 2011). Competing Perspectives on the Link Between Strategic Information Technology Alignment and Organizational Agility: Insights from a Mediation Model, MIS Quarterly, 35( 2) p.463-486.
19. Thao, t. p., Molla, A., & Peszynski, K. (2012). Enterprise Systems and Organizational Agility: A Review of the Literature and Conceptual Framework. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 31(8) , p.167-193.
7.3 Conference
1. Holotiuk, Friedrich; Beimborn, Daniel; and Jentsch, Christian,(2018), The Determinants And Role Of Agility In Digital Organizations, Research Papers , Twenty-Sixth European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS2018), Portsmouth,UK,
2. Yeganegi, Kamran and Azar, M., Zahiri, (2012), The Effect of IT on Organizational Agility, International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management Istanbul, Turkey.
7.4. Website
1. Ambur,Owen, (2003), Open-Book Management: Implications for Record-Keeping by Organizations.
2. Broughton, A. C. & Thomas, J., (2012), Embracing Open-Book Management to Fuel Employee Engagement and Corporate Sustainability, UNC Kenan-Flagler Business School. https:
3. Weinzweig, Ari, (2016) , Why Open Book Management is an excellent way to run a business, zing train,



How to Cite

Hussein Al-Taii, M. A., Ismael, H. K., & Khudhur, S. A. (2020). The role of Open-book Management in Achieving Organizational Agility “Research based on PhD. Thesis”. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 9(1), 232–244.