Honorifics in Northern Kurmanji with Reference to English


  • Parween S. Abdulaziz Department. of English, Salahaddin University, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
  • Izzuddin R. Mohammad Department. of English, Nawroz University, Kurdistan Region-Iraq




Honorifics are elements of language that can be represented by both lexical categories like nouns and functional categories like pronouns. They are respect, formality, and distance- related concepts and they have been of major concern to many sociolinguists and pragmatists. The current work is a pragmatic and sociolinguistic approach to honorifics in Northern Kurmanji/ Bahdinan area with reference to English. Data are collected from Waar TV. program ده‌نگێ گوندى The Voice of Village. Honorifics are identified and classified into categories; then they are explained. Data analysis shows that Northern Kurmanji does not achieve honorification morphologically, but rather lexically. Thus, it is a non- honorific language. Moreover, not only is the second-person plural pronoun used as an honorific, when addressing a single person, but also the first-person plural pronoun. Sometimes, the core function of honorifics is reversed to show disrespect in the context of irony.


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How to Cite

Abdulaziz, P. S., & Mohammad, I. R. (2020). Honorifics in Northern Kurmanji with Reference to English. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 9(3), 235–248. https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v9n3a792