The Effectiveness of Current Approaches to Teaching Novel to University EFL Learners : Investigation & Reflections


  • Ahmed Kh. Shalan College of Languages, Nawroz University, Duhok, Kurdisatn Region - Iraq



Literary Awareness, Literary Education, Literary Competence, Professionalism


Taking the novel as a model of study, the plan of this study was of two dimensions. The first dimension was to make interviews with 6 teachers of English novel to the juniors and seniors, in 4 departments of English in 3 universities within Duhok Governorate Area. The interview form made use of Lazar’s (2013) tri-assumed-alternative approaches model to teach literature; a language-based approach, literature as content approach, and literature for personal enrichment approach. The teachers of novel were asked to tell how far their approaches of teaching novel are identical with one of Lazar model’s three approaches, as well as to fill in a questionnaire about their training to teach literature. The second dimension was to design a questionnaire to investigate the learners’ reflections about their learning and study experience with the novel-teaching approaches used by their teachers. Finally, an analysis of the findings was made, which helped to develop certain conclusions which proved the hypotheses made by the research about the professionalism of the novel-teacher’s approaches to teaching novel. In addition certain recommendations were made suggesting raising the sailing of the novel-teachers training in how to teach literature.


Download data is not yet available.


1. Abrams, M. H. & Harpham, Geophrey Galt (2009) A GLOSSARY OF LITERARY TERMS. WADSWORTH CENGAGE Learning. Australia, Brazil, etc.
2. Alexander, L. G. (1971) Poetry and Prose Appreciation : For Overseas Students. Lngman. London
3. Alsagorff, Lubna & McKay, Sandra Lee & Hu, Gwangwei & Renadya, Willy A. (2012) Principles and Practices for Teaching English as a Global Language. Routledge. UK & USA
4. Brumfit, C. J. & Carter R. A. (2000) Literature and Language Teaching. Oxford University Press Hong Kong
5. Carter, R. A. (1999) Literature Reading. In Spolsky, Bernard (199) CONCISE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF EDUCATIONAL LINGUISTICS. Oxford UK
6. Chambers, Ellie & Gregory, Marshal (2006) Teaching and Learning English Literature. Sage Publications. London & New Delhi
7. Cook, Vivian (2008) Second Language Learning. HODDER EDUCATION. UK
8. Cudden, J. A. revised by Preston, C. E. (1998) Dictionary of LITERARY TERMS & LITERARY THEORY. PINGUIN REFERENCE. London. UK
9. Duff, Aian & Maley Alan (2003) Literature. Oxford University Press New York
11. Grifith, Peter (1984) Literary Theory and English Teaching. Open University Press. England
12. Harmer, Jeremy (2011). The Practice of English Language Teaching. Pearson & Longman. England
13. Hedge, Tricia (2003) Teaching and Learning in the Language Classroom. Oxford University Press. China
14. Lazar, Gillian (2013) Literature and Language Teaching. Cambridge University Press. UK
15. Madden, Frank (2004) EXPLORING LITERATURE. Pearson & Longman. New York
16. Richards, Jack C. & Farrell, Thomas S. (2012) PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR LANGUAGE TEACHERS : Strategies for Teacher Learning. Cambridge University Press. USA
17. Scrivener, Jim (2011) Learning Teaching : The Essential Guide to English Language Teaching. Macmillan Books. UK
18. Senior, Rose M. (2006) The Experience of Teaching English. CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS. UK
19. Watson, Greg & Zyngier, Sonia (2007) –ed. Literature and Stylistics for Language Learners. Palgrave Macmillan. UK
20. Widdowson, H. G. (2003) Defining Issues in English Language Teaching. Oxford. New York
App. 1 : Jury Names :
1. Dr. Hussein Ali Gargari (Prof.)/ College of Languages/ Nawroz University
2. Dr. Chachaan Jum'ah Mohammed (Assist. Prof.)/Department of Psychological & Educational Sciences /Faculty of Basic Education/University of Duhok
3. Dr. Sami Abdul-Aziz Al-Ma'mouri (Prof.)/Department of English/College of Basic Education/ University of Diyala.



How to Cite

Shalan, A. K. (2018). The Effectiveness of Current Approaches to Teaching Novel to University EFL Learners : Investigation & Reflections. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 7(3), 131–144.