On the “Assessment Morass” in Higher Education: A Program Level Perspective of Alignments and Tools


  • Mohammed A. Shallal Scientific Research and Development Centre, Nawroz University, Duhok, Kurdistan Region – Iraq




Assessment Types, Program Assessment, Self Assessment Report/Review (SAR), Academic Accreditation, Quality Assurance, Nawroz University


A taxonomy of assessment types practiced in higher education institutions (HEIs) in general is briefly reviewed, focusing on specific methods and tools commonly employed at the academic program level with student learning in mind. The approach is aimed at complementing the efforts being currently exerted to initiate outcome-based education (OBE) environments in HEIs in the region by drawing attention to some issues that may be observed along the path of obtaining insight into achieving satisfactory results and providing suitable feedback. Suggestions are forwarded aiming at enhancing procedures being employed leading to improvements in various academic institutional and programmatic  aspects which quality assurance (QA) and accreditation standards/criteria demand. 


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How to Cite

Shallal, M. A. (2019). On the “Assessment Morass” in Higher Education: A Program Level Perspective of Alignments and Tools. Academic Journal of Nawroz University, 8(4), 164–175. https://doi.org/10.25007/ajnu.v8n4a460